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What are the environmental impacts of energy production and consumption?

Decarbonization of the energy system avoids the direct emissions resulting from fossil fuel combustion. On the other hand, other environmental impacts can arise during plants’ construction, transport, use, or disposal. The life cycle assessment method is used to balance the ecological effects over the entire life cycle. By linking life cycle assessment with energy system modeling, the environmental impacts of the energy system can be determined today and in the future. For example, emission factors of individual energy sources for specific points in time can be determined in addition to the total ecological impact of the energy system.

In particular, we consider the following questions:

  • What are the current and future environmental impacts of our electricity mix?
  • What share does manufacturing account for in the total environmental impacts of energy-related plants in the future energy system?
  • How can the environmental impacts of the entire life cycle of energy systems and energy sources be integrated into the energy system modeling?
  • How can environmental impacts be quantified? Which methods are available? How is it done exactly?

Below you will find our news, publications, and projects on the subject

More Publications on Topic (10)

  • Series of articles on methods of sustainability assessment: Future-oriented LCA in Energy System Assessment
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  • How much do synfuels cost regarding taking the environment impacts into account when used in road transport?
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  • Norway and the double marketing of renewable energies
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  • IEWT 2023 at TU Vienna
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  • Series of articles concerning hydrogen: Life cycle assessment of hydrogen
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