Electromobility in Germany in 2020

Electromobility in Germany

In 2020, there were more than 309,000 battery electric vehicles (BEV) on the road in Germany according to the information provided by the Federal Motor Transport Authority (KBA), and around 38,300 public EV charging stations are installed according to the German Federal Network Agency (BNetZA). 

If one compares these figures between the federal states, 2020 brought a change in the federal state with the most registered BEVs: North Rhine-Westphalia now leads with just under 62,800 BEVs. In the year before, North Rhine-Westphalia was in second place with approx. 25,600 BEVs. Bavaria follows in 2020 in second place with approx. 59,500 BEVs (in the year before it was in first place with just under 30,600), closely followed by Baden-Württemberg in third place with 54,250 BEVs (unchanged, in the year before almost 24,900). 

Continuing with the analysis, Bavaria is ahead in terms of public charging points: EV drivers can charge at more than 7,900 public points in the state, operated by various providers. In North Rhine-Westphalia, more than 6,800 charging points are available. In third place in the charging point ranking is Baden-Württemberg with almost 6,300 charging points. 

According to Directive 2014/94/EU on the development of infrastructure for alternative fuels, at least one public charging point per 10 electric vehicles is required /EU-13 17/. Nationwide, the ratio between public charging points and BEVs in 2020 corresponded to this target of the EU Commission.

However, if one relates the ratio to all electric vehicles (now considering plug-in hybrids as well as purely electric BEV), Germany misses the benchmark: in 2020, there were just under 590,000 electric vehicles, resulting in a ratio to public charging points of approximately 1:15. 

Further Information:

  • unIT-e² – Reallabor für verNETZte E-Mobilität
  • Bidirektionales Lademanagement